FICO - Your Credit Score
Since our world is so automated, you're probably not surprised to hear that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, each agency uses the following to determine a score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers will probably find their credit scores falling between 620 and 800.
Your FICO score affects your monthly payment
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must, of course, remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your score, you have to obtain your score and make sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO score, offers credit scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at 512-302-9410.