FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers probably find their scores between 620 and 800.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
What can you do about your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Since the FICO score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it is hard to make a significant change in the number with quick fixes. You must, of course, remove any incorrect data from your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must obtain your score and make sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your FICO score? Give us a call at 512-302-9410.