About the FICO Credit Score
Since our world is so computer-driven, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay virtually any loan boils down to one number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle/boat loans, credit cards, etcetera.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in building a score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage these days score 620 or above.
Your score greatly affects your monthly payment
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
Is it possible to improve your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report; this is really the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to raise your FICO score, you must have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO credit score, offers FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us: 512-302-9410.